The Oneness of Elohim

  In Deuteronomy 6:4 YHWH states: "Hear, O Israel – YHWH is your Elohim – YHWH is ONE (ECHAD)". How do we understand the word one? One means a single thing or unit, not two or more. The same with the Hebrew word echad. If you ask any Hebrew-speaking child what the word echad means, he/she will put up one finger. How does Elohim who is Almighty, define the word one. In Deuteronomy 32:39 YHWH says: "See now that I am HE, AND there is no god besides Me".

YHWH our Elohim is eternal and infinite. Man's mind cannot understand something, which cannot be defined, or that which is not bordered. This is perhaps why it is so difficult to try to explain the essence of YHWH, whom we know, is boundless and infinite. To try to explain the unexplained, we make use of the Hebrew words Eyn Sof. Eyn Sof is the very essence of YHWH. In Hebrew Eyn means 'there is nothing' and Sof means 'end', 'termination', 'border' or 'definition'. Together Eyn Sof means without definition or borders. To tell the truth, Eyn Sof cannot be defined and we cannot even comprehend the term.

Anything visible and anything that can be grasped by thought is bounded or finite. Anything finite is not undifferentiated. Conversely, the boundless is Eyn Sof or infinite. Since Eyn Sof is boundless, there is nothing outside of it. It transcends and conceals itself, it is the essence of everything hidden and revealed. Eyn Sof cannot be expressed, though it is intimated in everything that exists, as there is nothing outside of it. No letter, no name, no writing, nothing can define or confine it. Eyn Sof has no will, no intention, no thought, no speech no action, yet all these things exist because of its existence and by Him bordering these concepts in order that we might relate

Look at another person. Look at a tree. Look at your computer. All these things are "substance" that cannot be defined unless they are bordered. They are molecules that cannot be seen and defined, brought together and bounded. When one dies, that whom he was (his spirit) cannot be seen. The borders have been removed or taken away, yet he exists, and has existed since the foundations of the earth, as we have known it.

Nonetheless the Scriptures do assign attributes to YHWH. These attributes can clearly be seen in the following passages:

The Spirit of YHWH shall rest upon him, the Spirit of Wisdom (Chochmah) and Understanding (Binah), the Spirit of Counsel (Atzah) and might (Geburah), the Spirit of Knowledge (Da'at) and of the fear (yirah) of YHWH (Is. 11.2).

Yours, O YHWH, is the power (Geburah), the victory (Natzach) and the majesty (Hod). Yours is the Kingdom (M'lakah) (1 Chron. 29.11).

I YHWH lay in Zion for a foundation (yesod), a stone, a tried stone, a sure foundation (yesod) (Is. 28:16).

His [YHWH's] mercy (chesed) endures forever (2 Chron. 20:21).

These list out as follows:

The Spirit of YHWH (called Crown [Keter])

Wisdom (Chokmah)

Understanding (Binah)

Mercy, LOVE (Chesed) (also Gedulah and Atzah)

Severity (Geburah)

Harmony/Beauty (Teferet)

Victory (Natzach)

Splendour (Hod)

Foundation (Yesod)

Kingdom/Kingship (Malakut)

As a side light, in Romans 1: 19-20 we are told that: "What may be known of God is manifest in them [mankind] his invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead [or divine nature]…."  

According to 1 Thessalonians 5: 23, We (Mankind) consists of three parts, namely: spirit, soul and body - yet as individuals we are one. Similarly the One Elohim has three Parts (as per Romans 1: 19-20 above). He is not three persons but consists of three parts.

Yahshua has become the "visible" part of the Eyn Sof. YHWH "bordered" certain parts of His being in order that man could relate to Him in some way. Some of these parts are defined or bordered within the revelation of the ten attributes of YHWH, listed above. Through these parts we can "see" the man Yahshua, certain parts of YHWH bordered in His person. We can understand his words. We can see his compassion, witness his love, and see how he relates to humankind in this manner. He said, "If you see me, you've seen the father." We can relate to him by these things and we can 'find' our way to YHWH through him.

Some Churches say that there are two YHWH's or beings in the Godhead. Some say the Godhead consists of three persons in one. Another group even goes, as far as to say that Yahshua was an Angel before His human birth. Are they confused or what? We must understand the reasoning behind this. In our inability to comprehend the Godhead, we try to put a handle to what we see and read in the Scriptures. That is the only way we humans understand something. But instead of trying to understand the infinite, should we not take YHWH our Elohim at His Word. If He says He is ONE, why do we not believe Him - is He a liar? If YHWH says in the latter part of Is. 44: 6 "…I am the first and the last, And there is no God besides Me", do we believe Him. We know that Yahshua said the same thing a number of times, one of which is recorded in Revelation 1: 17 "Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last,". Who then are the First and the Last? How can both be the First and the Last? My fellow believer, who is lying here, is it YHWH or is it Yahshua? I say to you no! He is not lying because He is as Yahshua stated in John 10:30 "I and the Father are one". After all in the first part of Numbers 23: 19 we read: "God is not a man, that He should lie,"

Those parts of the Eyn Sof that YHWH desired to "border" in order to relate to our finite minds, He did so in the form of parts of Himself becoming "visible" to man in the personage of Yahshua. He did not put All of Himself within the borders of Yahshua, as that is impossible to place infinity within something finite. All Jews are Israelites, but not all Israelites are Jews. All green beans are vegetables, but not all vegetables are green beans. Do you get the meaning? YHWH "became" a man in Yahshua, but Yahshua does not "contain" all of which YHWH is…. Because YHWH cannot be contained within definable borders, as He is Eyn Sof.

It is therefore true that:

YHWH reveals Himself in many ways, characteristics and personalities, which includes, but are not limited to the Heavenly Father, Yahushua the Son, the Word, the Messiah, the Angel or Messenger of YHWH and the Set Apart Spirit (Ruakh HaQodesh).

Yahshua is part of YHWH and is the Physical Image of the Invisible Elohim YHWH. Yahshua Himself said in the latter part of John 10: 38 "…understand that the Father is in Me and I in the Father". He is the Messiah who died for the sins of the world and rose from the dead to give assurance of both our forgiveness and everlasting life. In Psalms 49: 7 We read "No man can by any means redeem his brother, Or give to God a ransom for him" and in verse 15 we see "But God will redeem my soul from the power of sheol, for He will receive me". Fellow believers in Yahshua, this tells us that only YHWH our Elohim can redeem us or pay for our sins, i.e. YHWH is our Saviour (which is by the way the meaning of the name Yahshua). To further elucidate the point Yahshua says in John 8:24: "I said therefore to you, that you shall die in your sins; for unless you believe that I am HE (or YHWH), you shall die in your sins". In 1 Tim 3:16 we read "
And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory".

In Isaiah 43 verse 10 YHWH tells us "You are my witnesses" declares YHWH, "And My servant whom I have chosen, In order that you may know and believe Me, And understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, And there will be none after Me." Verse 11 " I even I, am YHWH; And there is no savior besides Me." So it is therefore clear that YHWH is our savior.

Yahshua was born of a virgin, lived a sinless live according to the (Torah) Commandments of Elohim. He was crucified for the atonement of His people and was resurrected on the third day, ascended to heaven from where He will return to usher in the Kingdom of YHWH and will rule the world from Jerusalem.

Some may correctly ask the question: How then did Yahshua say that His Father is Greater than Him?" The answer is as explained above, the One that walked the earth as a human being, did not have all the attributes of YHWH in His being, and as such His Father being the Infinite YHWH Elohim, was indeed greater than Him.

The one spiritual essence of the Godhead is OMNIPRESENCE. For since space is infinite, and an omnipotent Elohim must be able to act and be anywhere in space. He is always there. YHWH sees us wherever we go. If we go flying like a bird, or even, if we go underground, He sees us there, according to the Psalms. And again in Jer.23: 23 & 24 He says: "Do I not fill the heavens and the earth". So it is possible that He can be in more than one place at the same time, i.e. in heaven and on earth. That is why as a human, Yahshua, being only some of the attributes of YHWH could pray to His Father in Heaven. It sounds confusing, doesn't it? However, do not let your confusion result in you trying to explain our Heavenly Father differently as He Himself does in Deuteronomy 6:4 YHWH states: "Hear, O Israel – YHWH is your Elohim – YHWH is ONE (ECHAD).

Some might ask how is it possible for YHWH our Elohim to sit at His own right hand? The answer lies in His omnipresence. YHWH can be everywhere, at all times, even at His own right hand. In Psalm 98:1 we read:" O sing unto the LORD a new song; for he hath done marvelous things: his right hand, and his holy arm, hath gotten him the victory." This right hand and holy arm here refers to Messiah. For thirty three and a half years whilst Yahshua was on earth, there were two manifestations of the One True Elohim. He is now, still as a second manifestation of the One True Elohim, at the right hand of YHWH, where He will remain until He returns to rule over the nations, from Jerusalem, for a thousand years. After the thousand years, the New Jerusalem will come down from Heaven, at which time YHWH will reign forever and ever, as our Elohim (as a single manifestation of the One True Elohim).

The word Elohim might be an Uni-plural noun, but how do believers in the Angel concept explain the latter part of 2 Pet. 1:1 "…by the righteousness of our God and Saviour, Jesus Christ." And how do believers in the two YHWH's explain, the fact that in most translations of the Scriptures, the following sentence ends in the singular. Rev. 22:3" And there shall no longer be any curse; and the throne of God and the Lamb shall be in it, and His bond servants shall serve Him". Continuing in verse 4 "and they shall see His face, and His name shall be on their foreheads."

The fact that we believe in the Oneness of our Elohim does not negate the fact that we shall rule with Yahshua as Kings and Priests for a thousand years, if we overcome, as described in Rev. 5:10 and 20:4. Overcoming includes repentance, baptism and perseverance in the keeping of the Commandments of YHWH and the testimony (or faith) in Yahshua. Some say that unless we believe in two YHWH's we cannot get into the Kingdom. They correctly say that Yahshua, became through His resurrection, the first born among many Brethren. As explained below, mankind also has the potential of becoming sons of God, as Yahshua the visible image of the invisible Elohim, died for us and was the first being to be resurrected as a Spirit Being. He made it possible for us to go through the same process to be born again. The very Elohim YHWH died as Yahshua and was resurrected, to give us a second chance. Almighty YHWH did all this by Himself - without any God besides him.

In the beginning, after having created the Universe and making every thing on the earth, in the waters of the earth and in the air above the earth, all after their own kind, Elohim created man in the image of Elohim, after the God kind. The word to create (Barah in Hebrew) is something that only Almighty YHWH can do. It means to make something out of nothing that already exists. To make (asah in Hebrew) on the other hand is to use something physical and transforming it into something else. An example is, when a Carpenter takes a piece of wood and makes a table out of it. The process of putting the first man on earth, involved both creation (of man in the image of Elohim) and making/forming the physical man out of the dust of the ground.

In creating man Elohim used nothing physical. To start with, YHWH created the spirit in man from Himself - from the very essence/spirit of YHWH. Next He made man from the dust of the ground. A truism that we have all learnt, is that from whatever source something living is made, such a living thing needs to sustain it. Both cattle and plants are made from the dust of the ground. Plants need to be in the soil to grow - plants need soil to sustain them. Cattle need/eat plants (which is nothing but soil) to sustain them. The spirit in man needs contact with YHWH to sustain him/her spiritually and the physical man needs food - meat and vegetables (dust) to sustain him/her physically. The spirit in man yearns to be in Touch with his/her maker. The fact that we are made from the very essence of Elohim means that man has the potential of becoming sons of Elohim. If we do not stay in touch with our Creator we shall die like mere animals. From dust to dust. However, as it states in Ps 82:6 … "Ye are gods, And all of you are sons of the Most High". If we remain in touch with Elohim and feed from His word, we could have eternal life as sons of Elohim. However, because of the original sin (disobedience to YHWH) of our forebears, we were cut off from Eternal life (known as the tree of live).

Since YHWH's original plan was to make for Himself sons and daughters, He also had a contingency plan in mind should the original plan fail. He made His contingency plan known to man, through the introduction of His Holy Days in Leviticus 23. That, however is another topic. Because of this contingency plan, we are still able to become sons and daughters of Elohim. If we keep the Commandments of YHWH and have faith in (the testimony of) Yahshua and we are baptised; we can become sons of Elohim. We are given a portion of YHWH's Set Apart Spirit after Baptism and the laying-on of hands. This is as stated in Acts 2:38 "Then Peter said unto them, "Repent, and be baptised every one of you in the name of Yahshua Messiah for the remission of sins, and you shall receive the gift of the Set Apart Spirit." This is a Key to the Kingdom of YHWH. When the Set Apart Spirit combine with the spirit in man, we are begotten anew, giving us a fresh chance to, like Yahshua be resurrected to eternal life. No animal has that potential, as animals are not created from spirit. It is only mankind with the incredible potential to become the very sons and daughters of Elohim. This fact has nothing to do with the oneness of YHWH and yet because our Elohim is boundless or infinite, it has everything to do with it - as there is nothing outside of Him. Bless the name of YHWH (or in Hebrew - Baruch Hashem YHWH).